Italy. XXVIII Congress of the Italian Anarchist Federation. Motion 3

Motion 3
Struggle and organizing forms in emergent social movements and ways of anarchist intervention.

In the recent years, in various parts of the world, significant popular movements, radical struggle and phenomena of insurgence in urban contexts have developed.

Also in Europe, the strong social distress caused by the crisis has given rise to forms of protest and mobilization that involved large numbers of people, especially the youth. Even more significantly, the southern side of the Mediterranean was crossed by harsh social conflicts aimed at challenging the dominant power structures, at least in the direction of greater freedom - individual and collective - and better living conditions.

The conflicts in North Africa, as well as those in Turkey, are constantly evolving, and must deal with both the normalization attempts made from the outside, and with internal repression of dissent and the authoritarian recovery key made by religious and reactionary policies formations.

In the face of a devastating economic and social crisis exacerbated by the continuing attacks on the working class and, more generally, to the rights and freedoms of each, in Italy we do not register large and significant social mobilizations.

The country seems drugged: the Italian society has been methodically de- politicized in the last thirty years by the cultural devastation wrought by the mass media and fueled by the political class.

The growing impoverishment of the majority of citizens, far from urging solidarity mechanisms or desire for revenge against those responsible for this debacle, it has produced - on the contrary – a privatistic degeneration, a widespread indifference, a blatant hostility towards those who are worse, the uncritical adhesion to patterns and lifestyles / consumption that are typical of capitalism.

There are many reasons for supporting these reflections, and not all easily distinguishable. Of course, one must take into consideration the fact that Italy - unlike other Mediterranean countries - is a country with an aging population by birth and, therefore, less susceptible to bet on a radical social transformation.

Despite this general trend , also in Italy important popular struggles have developed - what might be defined of territorial kind - to oppose attempts made by the political, military and economic domain to impose top-down decisions with devastating effects from social and environmental point of view.

In this sense , in spite of the obvious differences of context, between these struggles can be included that in the Susa Valley and in Terzo Valico against the HST (NO-TAV) , that in Sicily against the MUOS (NO-MUOS), and the many protests against the installation of damaged infrastructure (landfills, incinerators, sites storage, etc.).

Moreover, despite a profound paradigm shift in the capital-labor conflict related to disruptions in the manufacturing processes and in the creation and distribution of wealth , even in Italy areas of major conflict have developed , especially in the logistic sector , right where high vulnerable to blackmail migrant workers are used massively. These struggles are carried out despite the bureaucratic involution of grassroots unions which - unfortunately - is disregarding its original intentions.

Do not forget, finally, the growing struggles against evictions and housing rights. In this context, the conflicting territorial fights and the disputes in the workplace are configuring as interesting laboratories for the construction of new social and political relations based on solidarity, mutual aid, self-organization, direct action and personal commitment.

This means that, despite the social disarticulation of the country, there is a libertarian tension that has its origin in the growing distrust and in the intolerance in traditional forms of political representation and union, in the ruling class itself.

For these reasons, anarchism - in its theory and its practice - always responds to a widespread need for more participation and protagonist. Federated anarchists are engaged within many of these struggles, with an intervention that aims to consolidate practices for growing self-determination of individuals and communities. Within this framework concrete projects of libertarian sociality are becoming increasingly important.

Some projects actually carried out by federated groups are popular gyms, farming communities, experiences of self-production, solidarity buying groups, social gathering spaces, urban gardens, occupations, etc. These experiences - ranging expanded and coordinates - are important because they allow to develop new social relationships and to spread, with concrete examples, recognizable and workable self-managed approaches.

The territorial struggles, the struggles of the workers and the self-organized and self-management libertarian experiments, foreshadow - here and now - a practice of daily conflict exodus from the society of domain. Building these important conditions means throwing the basis for a revolutionary social transformation actually.